Shadow Economies And Corruption All Over The World: New Estimates For 145 Countries

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Issue:

Business

 

Written by:

Mary S

 

Date added:

January 18, 2016

 

Level:

University

 

Grade:

B

 

No of pages / words:

68 / 18909

 

Was viewed:

7577 times

 

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Essay content:

The average size of the shadow economy (as a percent of "official" GDP) in 2004/05 in 96 developing countries is 36.7%, in 25 transition countries 38.8% and in 21 OECD countries 14.8%. An increased burden of taxation and social security contributions, combined with a labour market regulation are the driving forces of the shadow economy...
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Furthermore, the results show that the shadow economy reduces corruption in high income countries, but increases corruption in low income countries. Finally, the various estimation methods are discussed and critically evaluated. JEL: O17, O5, D78, H2, H11, H26 Keywords: shadow economy of 145 countries, tax burden, tax moral, quality of state institutions, regulation, DYMIMIC and other estimation methods Correspondence: Professor of Economics, Dr...
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