Comparing activation to faces versus five other object categories (fruits, bodies, gadgets, hands, and scrambled patterns) across the entire macaque brain, I identified face-selective activation in three discrete regions of the temporal lobe (see the figure, left, panel A). These regions showed a blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) response to faces that was stronger than the response to any of the nonface categories by a factor of 7 (see figure, panel B)... displayed 300 characters
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These regions showed a blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) response to faces that was stronger than the response to any of the nonface categories by a factor of 7 (see figure, panel B). This suggests that face processing in monkeys is performed by specialized regions, possibly homologous to those found in humans... displayed next 300 characters
o Cooing child makes random phonemes from all languages
o At 6 mths only produce phonemes of language being acquired
o The purpose of language is to construct propositions (comprehension)
o The smallest unit of meaning that had truth value
o By age 4 children learning English can recognize noun-verb-subject syntactic phrases
? Working memory and language
o When a node in the LTM network is activated, it appears in the WM (consciousness)
o The WM contains activated portions of LTM and form new patterns in WM
o The hippocampus and surrounding cortex binds info from other regions together into a new pattern
o A requirement of language processing is to temporarily hold mental representations corresponding to the verbal input stream until meaning can be extracted
o If the capacity of WM is exceeded, then difficulties in comprehension occur
o An impairment in the ability to understand language
o Conduction aphasia- they have lost the ability to repeat sentences
? Result of damage to the phonological loop
? The person can understand simple sentences but when asked to repeat they paraphrase
o Broca's aphasia
? Aka non-fluent aphasia
? Person has difficulty producing certain speech sounds
? They have more difficulty in producing function words and inflections than content words
o Damage to the visual-auditory connections in the logogen system
o Has difficulty naming familiar objects
? Semantic dementia
o Effect of localized damage to temporal lobe
o Progressive disorder of semantic knowledge
o Lose meaningful connections between words
o Forget words and their meanings
? Words used most often survive the longest
? Early learning vs...
Comparing activation to faces versus five other object categories (fruits, bodies, gadgets, hands, and scrambled patterns) across the entire macaque brain, I identified face-selective activation in three discrete regions of the temporal lobe (see the figure, left, panel A)...
Nicotine is said to increase attention and also to enhance memory slightly. Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scientist Dr. Elliot A. Stein and colleagues were able to identify the areas of the brain where a person's cognitive skills are affected by nicotine...
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