However, the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil, are largely to be blamed for approximately half of the emissions of this gas in the world. When sulphur dioxide reaches the atmosphere, it oxidizes to first form a sulphate ion. It then becomes sulphuric acid as it joins with hydrogen atoms in the air and falls back down to earth... displayed 300 characters
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It then becomes sulphuric acid as it joins with hydrogen atoms in the air and falls back down to earth. Oxidation occurs mostly in clouds and especially in heavily polluted air where other compounds such as, ammonia and ozone help to catalyze the reaction, converting more sulphur dioxide to sulphuric acid... displayed next 300 characters
In lakes, rivers, and streams, the food chain is altered as species of wildlife become endangered. For example, fish disappear, their populations decrease rapidly, deformities are found, and they suffer serious health problems, which spread to humans who may consume the fish, or drink such acidic water...
Awareness should start in the schools. Students should be given the right perspective about acidic rain. Some people are under the impression that acidic lakes are grimy and gross, when really they have a captivating beauty...
Low sulphur coal is available and natural gas burns with a very low sulphur emissions. Factories have devices called scrubbers, that spray emissions with lime, in the smokestacks, which neutralizes the acids before they get into the air...
Fitting a catalytic converter to a car can reduce the emissions of nitrogen oxides by up to 90 percent, but they are very expensive, and cause more carbon dioxide to be released, which contributes to the greenhouse effect...
When a chemical in the air turns into a gas and evaporates, they mix with water vapor and cause acid rain. This rain is more acidic than normal because it contains sulfuric and nitric acid from the burning of coal and oil...
The pH scale begins at 0
and ends with 14. A reading lower than 7 is called acidic, and a reading higher
than 7 is called basic. Seven is neutral. Normal rain is slightly acidic with a
pH level of about 6...
Fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas supply most of the energy consumed today. Due to the easy combustion process used to gain energy from these sources, fossil fuels are relatively cheap to produce, which is why they are the most widely used fuel...
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