James Watt in 1782 developed a new steam engine that was able to power factory machines. By that time factories had built up, particually in the cotton industry, which took over from wool. In 1733 John Kay, a workman from Bury (Landcashire), invented his “flying” shuttle, which made the making of cloth (weaving) much faster... displayed 300 characters
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To keep the weavers busy, more spub thead (yarn) was needed, But James Hargreaves with his ‘spinning jenny’, Samuel Crompton with his ‘mule’ and Sir Richard Arkwright, who was more of an organiser than a inventer, made it possible to increase the yarn supply. Further improvements came later to weaving... displayed next 300 characters
It was use to pump water out of mines
James Watt ? James improved on Newcomen steam engine
Matthew Boulton ? James Watts partner who saw the potential of the steam engine
The Crystal Palace ? The immense structure that house the great exhibition a display of the "works of industry "
Factory System ?
Capital ? wealth to invest in enterprises such as mines, railroads, and factories
Samuel Crompton ? inventor of the spinning mule
George Stephenson ? inventor of the steam powered locomotive
Michael Faraday ? inventor of the dynamo
Cotton Gin ? invented by Eli Whitney helped separate seeds out of cotton
Eli Whitney ? invented the cotton gin
John Kay ? invented the flying shuttle
James Hargraves ? invented the spinning jenny in 1764, which spun many threads at once
Richard Arkwright ? invented the waterframe using water power to speed up spinning of thread
Turnpikes ? privately built roads that travelers were charged to use
Robert Fulton ? first us steamboat, sailed up the Hudson used watts steam engine
Clermont - first us steamboat
The first act passed was the Factory Act of 1833. This stated that anyone under nine years old could not be hired. It also said that anyone from ages nine to twelve had to work no more than eight hours a day...
Machines made life easier and decreased prices and generally improved life. Before the 1750's life was very primitive and simple. The major inventions are: James Watt's steam engine, Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin, Robert Fulton's Steamboat, and Elias Howe's Sewing Machine...
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