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Music and Movies


Written by:

Claire H


Date added:

September 23, 2015








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2 / 512


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Now Aristocrats & upper middle class hired scholars to teach their kids Invention of printing and typing spread learning Musical stuff ? 1450-1600 Horizons of music increased?. More performers; more composers; greater circulation of music Musicians continued to work in churches, courts and towns Greater demand for music in weddings, civic processions and religious services Choirs became larger Greater demand for music in the courts ? Kings, Princes & Dukes 1 court may have up to 60 musicians employed Court music director ? wrote secular music for nobility ? sacred music for the church Often travelled from castle to castle, taking their musicians with them Musical Characteristics ? Renaissance Era 1450-1600 Vocal music still more prominent than instrumental Close relationship between words and music ? word painting Music tended to be expressed in a calm, moderate and balanced way ? no extremes Mostly polyphonic ? 4-6 vocal parts in a typical choral piece Melodic imitation is common ?Fuller' ? larger range (up to 4 octaves) Lots of stable, constant chords, not much dissonance Rhythm/melody ? gentle and flowing Sacred Music - Renaissance Era 1450-1600 2 main types: Mass; Motet Motet ? polyphonic choral work set to sacred latin text that is not part of the mass service Mass ? divided into 5 sections: Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus Agnus Dei Josquin Desprez (1440-1521) Born in Hainaut (today part of Belgium) Worked a lot in Italy, serving Dukes private chapels & Papal choir in Rome Later worked for Louis XII of France Composed Masses, Motets, secular vocal pieces Example ? ?Ave Maria Virgo Serena' (Hail Mary, Serene Virgin) ? Josquin Desprez 4 voice motet Overlapping of voices ? continuous flow Imitation occurs in pairs of voices as well as single parts Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina c...
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1525-1594 Worked mostly in Rome, serving the Catholic Church Wrote 104 Masses, 450 other sacred works Church music had been accused of becoming too secular ? Palestrina focused more on scared music Pope Marcellus Mass - Palestrina Reflects the councils desire for clear projection of sacred Latin text 6 voices ? soprano, alto, 2 tenors, 2 basses Polyphonic Lots of imitation Flowing melodies Secular Music in the Renaissance Outside the church, music was an important leisure activity ? most educated people knew music Madrigal ? music set to a poem Lots of word painting More rapid shifts in mood More unusual harmonies 2 types of madrigal: Example: ?As Vesta Was Descending' ? Thomas Weelkes Weelkes was a church organist and composer This piece, written for 6 voices Uses lots of word painting Light mood is typical of the English madrigals
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